How to Take Care of Your Mental Health During COVID-19 and Beyond

CNET has gathered the best advice to help you cope with what troubles you right now. Please read the original article on CNET.com

May is Mental Health Awareness Month, and as stress and anxiety are at all-time highs due to the added emotional weight of the coronavirus pandemic, CNET has compiled their very best mental health advice — all spliced into simple sections on burnout, anxiety and sleep, plus the benefits of meditation, physical activity and getting outdoors. We hope this helps you navigate any mental health troubles or emotional distress you may be dealing with at this time. 

How to deal with burnout 

In 2019, the World Health Organization declared burnout an official medical diagnosis, proving that burnout is truly a problem that plagues modern workers. Most people live in a stormy sea of never-ending to-do lists that include work responsibilities, childcare, social lives, romantic relationships and household duties. 

Where is the time to take care of yourself? When everything else can easily and readily take priority, you must make time to tend to your own needs. Easier said than done, I know. 

One of the best and most effective burnout-prevention tactics you can employ is setting work boundaries, which may require taking a mental health day every now and then. You should also start a practice of saying “no” to things that don’t serve you.

Don’t forget about the stress that a seemingly healthy habit can have on you, either: If you’re an avid exerciser that feels fatigued and irritable all the time, you may want to tone your workouts down a notch, or just take some time away from the gym. Overtraining syndrome is a condition that can reach into other aspects of your life.

Likewise, your diet may have an impact. Eating a diet high in processed foods is known to contribute to poor moods and low productivity, while a healthful diet can support good moods, focus and better productivity. Make sure you are getting enough calories in, too: Eating too little while trying to do all the things is a surefire way to feel poorly, both physically and mentally. 

Though there’s a section devoted to sleep later in this article, it would be remiss not to point out the relationship between lack of sleep and burnout. A 2012 study (PDF) in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology found that lack of sleep is a primary risk factor for developing burnout, and a 2018 study said that insomnia is “significantly associated with burnout in our population of white-collar workers.

How to calm and control anxiety 

Ask anyone you know if they’ve ever experienced anxiety and the answer is likely “yes” — anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorder in the US, affecting about 40 million adults. And that doesn’t even include all the people who deal with low-grade anxiety and aren’t diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.

Even in the absence of true anxiety attacks, this sort of buzzing anxiety can be a detriment to your health, mood, sleep, productivity and relationships.

Dealing with anxiety can feel fruitless at times, but it’s possible with the right techniques under your belt and the help of a qualified professional if you need one. Try the next 4 techniques for calming or controlling your anxiety.

How to meditate and why it works

Meditation is a highly effective way of dealing with stress, depression and anxiety. But rather than using it to stop an anxiety attack that’s already started, meditation should be used as a daily preventative tactic

Researchers think that meditation can improve emotional health because it affects the amygdala, which is a major emotional processing center of your brain. Studies have found that regular meditation can increase a process called gyrification, which results in more outer folds in your brain and is thought to help with information processing. Some research suggests that meditation also slows or stalls age-related changes in the brain. 

Aside from the brain, meditation has also been found to improve heart rate variability, a marker that indicates how well you handle stress. 

The importance of getting outdoors 

You’ve probably heard that vitamin D is essential for, well, a whole lot of things. You’ve probably also heard vitamin D referred to as “the sunshine vitamin.” Put two and two together and you can likely infer that going outside is good for you! 

Spending time in the great outdoors and connecting with nature is known to improve mood and reduce cortisol levels (your body’s main stress hormone). Even putting plants in your office or home can improve your productivity and a daily nature jaunt can restore your ability to focus

If you work indoors, you might find it difficult to get enough sunshine and fresh air. Try bringing activities that you would normally do inside to outside. 

Examples: 

The mental health benefits of exercise 

The obvious benefits of exercise manifest on the outside: You may lose weight, tone up, build muscle and even get better skin. What goes on inside your body is arguably more important, though. 

Exercise can actually make you happier via a number of mechanisms, but the boost of endorphins or feel-good chemicals is the most immediate and probably the most prominent for most people. The intense wave of happiness and energy you feel right after a workout may not last all day, but scientists have made some intriguing conclusions about how exercising affects your brain over time. 

For example, a 2014 study in Frontiers in Physiology found that regular exercise can help people become more resilient to stress — in lay terms, that means you can bounce back more easily from stressful or emotional situations.

This section of this article is far from a comprehensive guide on the mental health benefits of exercise but does show that the science is compelling. 

Sleep and mental health 

Sleep is the foundation beneath everything you do: Without enough of it, you can’t be as productive at work or school; you can’t work out as intensely (and your muscles and joints don’t recover as quickly); you may experience mood swings and low moods. 

In fact, in a 2018 editorial in Pharmacy and Therapeutics called “The Extraordinary Importance of Sleep,” scientists discuss how “inadequate sleep due to sleep disorders, work schedules and chaotic lifestyles continues to threaten both health and safety,” concluding concretely that inadequate sleep is a detriment to essentially all health outcomes. 

“It is clear that sleep loss has a profound effect on human health and well-being,” concludes a manual on sleep deprivation, which includes an overall lower quality of life. 

Short-term consequences of inadequate sleep can include an increased stress response, headaches, poor focus and productivity, depressive symptoms, increased risk-taking behavior, increased emotional reactivity (e.g. going off at the slightest annoyance), shorter attention spans, slower information processing and increased anxiety, according to a large review of studies on sleep

Again, this isn’t intended to be a comprehensive look at all of the ways that sleep supports your mental health, although these few selected studies highlight some of the most important mechanisms by which sleep can improve anxiety, depression, decision-making and cognitive function. 

The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

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